The Keys to Having Successful Financial Conversations When You’re Engaged

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While money is a primary cause of marital strife, a current Ameriprise study found that nearly seven in ten couples say that they have great financial communication. Before wedding planning kicks into high gear, make discussions about your finances a priority. Taking the time today to speak through money matters can create a good foundation for the collective future. Use the following six principles to direct your money discussions:

1. Open-minded. Listen carefully to what your prospective spouse says is important to them. If your expectations do not match up, try to find a compromise. Some couples sidestep discussions about money to prevent feelings of hurt, fear, anger or remorse. Creating a habit of regular communication might help you avoid heated arguments, and can help ensure you are on the same page financially before you walk down the aisle.

2. Honesty. Share the specifics of your financial history and current situation in case you have not already done so. Your future spouse deserves to know whether you’re paying off college debt, or if you’ve made any financial mistakes in the past (and how you have rectified them). Disclose the good news, too. Divulge details about savings you have tucked away or a family trust that helps supplement your income so you know the sum of where you stand.

3. Forward-thinking. Once you’ve shared your present situation and history, discuss your goals for the future. Be open about what your fantasies are, but you should be ready to compromise. While you don’t need to agree about everything, having shared goals (purchasing a house, saving for college if you choose to have kids, retirement, etc.) allows you to combine forces on savings and gives you a road map for spending.

4. Cooperation. To avoid any miscommunications as newlyweds, talk and assign responsibility for financial roles. Is one of you at monitoring online accounts and paying bills? Are you both enrolled in a retirement account and taking maximum advantage of employer contributions? Who will be the principal contact for your financial adviser, tax professional or estate planner? Two is better than one if you are ready to divide and conquer financial tasks, but be sure you’re both in the loop on key decisions and money matters.

5. Diligence. It takes discipline, but taking good care of those housekeeping tasks right away protects you in case something unexpected happens. Several Actions to consider:

• Consider combining your bank account if it makes sense for your situation.

• Update or write your own will and estate plan to reflect your collective wishes.

• Amend your tax withholdings, to ensure the perfect amount is withheld from your paycheck that you’re married. Consult your tax professional before making changes.

• Choose your wellbeing insurance. If both of your companies provide health insurance, carefully assess your coverage options and premiums for the best fit.

Like most things worth attaining, preparing for a life of financial compatibility takes work. In the event you and your prospective partner can commit to the identical money values, it might help you make a solid financial base.

Heal Your Soul With Dancing

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These days, the world has converted into a global village. As a result of the ever advancing technology, human existence on Earth is drastically different in the present as compared to the past. However, there’s a flip side to every fantastic thing which presents itself. Life has become more demanding and ruthlessly aggressive at nearly every sphere of the society. In this changed circumstance, psychological stress and strain are an essential factor that adversely affects our general health and wellbeing.

Chronic medical conditions like blood sugar, sleeplessness or insomnia, cardiac problems, and higher blood pressure, etc. are common throughout the society. Therefore, the requirement for nurturing a person’s mental health in addition to the physical one was not felt more badly before previously. So far as improving our physical health is concerned, there are myriad health clubs and health clubs.

In a recent trend, popularity chart for pole dance is steadily climbing newer heights. Fitness studios that exclusively deal with rod -based exercise plans are sprouting around virtually every nook and corner. This exclusive exercise regimen caters to both our physical and psychological wellbeing, helping us to be fitter and stronger to handle the new world order. Dancing across the rod invariably enhances one’s physical endurance together with boosting self-reliance. Additionally, the strenuous physical activity will help to shred excess flab from the body. The genre of dance proves to be among the very best choices to tone up all of the body muscles.

The laborious physical activity leads to severe fatigue. As such, it’s no surprise that health-freaks who exercise at the pole studios are found to be happier and more contented with life compared to the rest. The action itself triggers immense pleasure and thrill which are deprived of conventional gyms. Hardly, quarter-of-an-hour of climbing, twisting, and turning in the pole everyday is likely to revamp one’s physical appearance along with incredibly improved personality traits.

Pole dance is in fact a rigorous cardiovascular workout. Even physicians nowadays are prescribing this useful physical exercise to patients suffering from a range of chronic diseases. Thankfully, advanced age doesn’t stand as a barrier to master the art of exclusive dance. The activity is just as effective for both women and men irrespective of their age and physical appearance. There are lots of dedicated pole studios that offer extensive training and advice on the physical action. Thinking about the infinite variety of advantages that the dance provides, it’s no surprise that myriads of health conscious people are enthusiastically signing into rod studios nowadays.

Noticing the continuing trend, it appears the days of boring workout programs at conventional gym are just over.

Good Habits Vs. Bad Habits

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The majority of us find ourselves doing something that people want we are ready to stop.

Identify The Habit You Will Need To Change First

You must notice your unfavourable habits . You must first observe that you have a custom that you want to improve. If you truly understand what that habit is, then you can address it. The majority of us already have a great deal of cons that we want to modify. Don’t make an attempt to attack everything though. Assessing your bad habits, and pick the one to concentrate on first.

Take Little Steps

Based on the custom involved, small steps may be required to be taken to have the ability to succeed. While some people are blessed when they stop smoking frosty turkey, not everyone succeeds with this technique. They could want to step back by smoking diminished smokes every day, or searching for different ways that may help them step back little by little. In addition, in a situation whereby you would like to stop watching TV. In the event that you’re being used to watching 4 hours of TV each night, it’ll be hard just quitting. You’ll have to reduce 1 hour from the time initially. Make your changes little by little, but definitely in a fashion that’s manageable for you in the event you will need to help create the changes in your daily life”stick”.

Substitute Bad Habits With Great Habits

You will be more successful if you substitute a bad habit with a fantastic habit normally. Many number of individuals substitute smoking cigarette with gnawing sugar-free gum. If you wish to get over a bad habit, it is crucial that you start looking for a fantastic custom to substitute it with. Slowly but surely, the fantastic habit can be your usual habit and the bad behaviour will disappear.

Most times, it benefits to have a challenge once you really want to eliminate unfavourable habits. Get one of those weeklong a challenge to begin, to see if you’re able to do something different for an entire week. Another strategy is to get a thirty-day challenge.

As soon as you’ve acquired success with a single habit, move to a different on your listing. Be certain that you recognize your great jobs and then think about what other bad habits you will need to get gone. The fact that you’ve been successful once is very likely to boost your self-assurance on your capacity to move into another habit, letting you substitute it quicker than you did the former habit. If it’s possible to continue with this exercise through your list like this, it is likely you will discover that you can substitute nearly all your bad habits with good and alter your total life for the better.

Vultures

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When I was a young girl, many, many years back, my Mother and I frequently picked wild strawberries as a special summer treat for this night’s dessert. On one occasion, as I bent down to loosen a bunch of sweet little red berries from their stemsout of the corner of my eye something grabbed my attention. I looked beyond our neighbor’s house, and into the skies over’Sugar Hill’, where I had enjoyed watching a lot of awesomely beautiful sunsets. A large dark bird with an impressive wingspan was moving quietly and slowly, circling in the skies over the mountain.

“What IS that, Mother?” My mom stopped picking berries and stood upright, shading her eyes from the bright sunlight. “Oh”, she said with a positive note,”that is a turkey vulture riding a thermal.”

Gentle, affectionate and dedicated parents
Don’t spread any diseases at all, contrary to popular beliefs
Crucial part of Nature’s cleanup crew
Perform removal of carcasses before they can become diseased
Purify environment by removing animal cadavers that are already infected
Considered sacred in certain cultures for their gift of sanitizing
Enjoy soaring on high with hot thermals to lift them upward
Resemble wild turkeys with their reddish featherless head, dark body and two-tone wings
While those are clear responses, I fear they’re based on pictures conjured up by Hollywood Westerns.

The black vultures most often seen from the west and south throughout Mexico are really competitive.

Common all over america, it’s the turkey vulture which uses its highly developed capacity to detect the stench of cadavers, even at great distances. These large eagle-sized birds game distinctive two-toned wings which are dark brown, with silvery gray feathers on their wing borders.

Turkey vulture heads are small and featherless for an excellent reason. Consider it–similar to workmen dress for the job, these birds do exactly the contrary. They undress (their heads) to the job at hand. If their noggins had feathers, they would find all gummed up when they dove into carcasses. It is not pretty, but it is true. Vultures would be spending far too much of their time preening and cleaning rather than filling their bellies. The smaller head size enables them to get into all the nooks and crannies where the meat is. In the bird world, efficacy most often translates into survival.

When the young hatch out of their camouflaged eggs, they are powerless to defend or feed themselves. Their parents are aware for potential predatory attacks, and they’re adept at providing loads of food for their downy chicks to another 60 to 80 days.

In some cultures they’re revered as cleansers and sprays. Buddhists think they have the capability to release the soul and take it to Heaven. So it’s a routine practice to provide their deceased to vultures for’cleansing’ and delivery into the firmament, also called’sky burials’.

Their scientific name, Cathartes aura, really translates to ‘purifying breeze’ or’gold purifier’. Both of the interpretations is more precise than the term’vulture’, which means to rip.

They’ll take turns, as opposed to fight over bits and pieces of flesh. Other birds, such as the black vultures and hawks, find it easy to push them away out of their own finds.

Possessing excellent immune systems prevents them from contracting any nasty diseases from the dead creatures they ingest. When roosting on the floor or atop a dead tree stump, they spread their wings outward with their backs to the sun to help rid them of parasites contracted by their food resources.

If they feel afraid or threatened they regurgitate (frequently at the direction of the perceived threat). This offensive action repels, and takes their attacker by surprise, with the sight and odor that is horrible. Additionally, it serves to lighten the load for a faster get away!

The unfounded fears that turkey vultures spread disease frequently prompts intentional shootings and unkind poisonings and trappings. However, these birds keep the surroundings clean and disease free, as opposed to the reverse.

The much maligned Turkey Vulture serves a noble goal. We will need to look beyond the superficial idea of beauty, and provide the Turkey Vulture that the reverence it has rightfully earned and deserves.

How To Unlock Your Hidden Creativity

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Perhaps you feel just like you’re not a creative person generally, or maybe you merely desire a little a push to get the solution you are searching either way, there are many small actions you can take to be imaginative. This advice can make you see things from different perspectives and develop the habit that will make you feel more effective and inspired.

Here are ways to unlock your hidden creativity:

Brainstorm with Others
Sometimes all it takes to get from exhausted to inspire or from a relatively ineffective idea to the ideal answer to your entire problems is a few minutes of chatting about your ideas with someone else. Having a brand new perspective can assist you remember ideas you might have forgotten, develop ideas you currently have, and come up with things you never would have considered by yourself. If you are really stumped, make an attempt to have an instant brainstorming period with a pal or a coworker.

Speak To Yourself
It is not about getting imaginary interactions with yourself. Spend some time talking what you’re considering a loud, or describing things you read or listen to back again to yourself.

Make Lists
Write down whatever you want or need about what you’re focusing on sometimes the act of writing things out and looking at them is able to assist you work out how to manage something from a new angle. Jot down any ideas you have, then think about how precisely those ideas will keep working with what you’ll have to accomplish. Proceed through your list until you decide on a remedy that works or discover a way to incorporate them.

If you would like to become more creative, you will need to be certain that you’re for motivation to attack since it can strike everywhere. Keep a notebook and pen on or with you all the time constantly so you can jot down any ideas you have when they come your way, otherwise you will forget them. Additionally, always getting a laptop means you will have a location to write those lists you’ll be making.
Ask Yourself Questions
Whenever you feel exactly like you hit a creative wall, consider asking yourself questions about whatever it is that you’re focusing on or trying to resolve. Even if indeed they appear like absurd questions you’ve got response to, ask yourself anyways just like you were another man who was interested in assembling your project. Forcing yourself to finally articulate what you are focusing on, either a loud or in writing can assist you see what areas you will need to concentrate on and what must be changed. If you ask yourself a question you don’t know the response to, you might find a new perspective.

Salsa

Pesto Tomatoes Eat Food Healthy Vegetables

Individuals have been spicing up their meals with salsa for centuries.

In america, salsa, which means”sauce” in Spanish, has outsold ketchup since the 1990’s. And there are just as many variants of salsa, if not more, since there are ways to create a great spaghetti sauce.

For example, most American salsas contain tomato. But the tomato in a homemade salsa can be fresh and raw, cooked or even tomato paste. It’s up to the manufacturer. (Originally salsas from Mexico did not contain berries and mainly used chiles, tomatillos and ricado, a mix of spices.) Although hot peppers predominate, salsas may also be spiced up with ingredients such as cilantro, cumin and oregano. Some folks even add garlic for their salsas.

Beans are another healthy variation to the salsa mixture. Black beans are normally the bean of choice for salsa makers because of their texture and flavor. They’re low in fat and also contain fiber and protein. A final benefit to beans: they”mellow out” the heat from the peppers added to salsas, particularly hotter chile peppers like habanero, serrano or even jalapeno.

Sweet salsa ingredients can include mango, passion fruit, papaya, raspberries, in addition to lemon, lime, orange and chiles. Some folks include plantains or even nuts. Pretty much any new sauce can be a salsa.

Salsa cruda means uncooked and is made from finely chopped raw ingredients like raw tomato, hot chiles, peppers, onion and cilantro.

Picante means”hot and spicy,” and is usually just a thinner sauce than your typical salsa cruda.

Salsa fresca means”fresh sauce” and is the typical American salsa. It’s usually a mix of chopped tomatoes, chiles and onions.

Salsa rojo literally means”red sauce” and its base is the tomato.

(For the record, tomatillo is not a tomato, in spite of its title, but rather is a reportedly a relative of the gooseberry. It is a tartgreen fruit with a papery husk. It looks like a green, unripe tomato in appearance.)

Our offerings at Cosmic Chile show how many different kinds of salsa exist. Offerings include a traditional salsa like Jose Goldstein’s XXX Garlic, made from habanero peppers and plenty of fresh garlic, to something more exotic like Thai Jungle Salsa, which comprises three types of thai chiles, lemon and soy sauce.

Salsa isn’t just fun, it’s healthy. Their major ingredients are vegetables that are low in calories, rich in vitamins and are low fat.

They are simple to prepare and an easy way to dress up grilled fish, poultry, meat or pork for a fast meal during the week. Salsa is also a wonderful snack when paired with chips.

So next time you run out of something to have for a fast, but fun dinner during the week, try adding a little salsa to your entree.

Different types of skin cancer

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Skin cancer occurs when skin cells are damaged, as an example, from overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun.

There are 3 main types of skin cancer:

• Squamous cell carcinoma

• Melanoma – the most dangerous form of membrane cancer

Both basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are known as non-melanoma membrane cancer. Animal Removal

Two in three Australians will be diagnosed with membrane cancer by the time they are 70, with more than 434,000 people treated for one or more non-melanoma membrane cancers in Australia annually. Non-melanoma skin cancer is more common in men, with nearly double the incidence in comparison with women.

Excluding non-melanoma skin cancer,* melanoma is the third most frequent cancer in Australian women and the fourth most frequent cancer in men, and the most common cancer in Australians aged 15-44 years.

Each Year, in Australia:

• skin cancers account for around 80 percent of all newly diagnosed cancers

• between 95 and 99% of skin cancers are caused by exposure to sunlight

• GPs have over 1 million patient consultations per year for skin cancer

• The incidence of skin cancer is among the highest in the world, two to three times the rates in Canada, the US and the United Kingdom.

*Non-melanoma skin cancers are not notified to cancer registries.

Check for signs of skin cancer

The sooner a skin cancer is identified and treated, the better your chance of avoiding surgery or, in the event of a serious melanoma or other skin cancer, potential disfigurement or even death.

It is also a good idea to talk to your doctor about your level of risk and also for advice on early detection.

It is important to get to know your skin and what is normal for you, so you notice any changes. Skin cancers rarely hurt and are much more often seen than felt.

Develop a routine habit of checking your skin for new stains and adjustments to existing freckles or moles.

The best way to check your skin

• be sure you check your whole body as skin cancers can sometimes occur in areas of the body not exposed to sunlight, for example soles of their feet, between fingers and toes and under nails.

• Undress completely and ensure you have good light.

• Use a mirror to test hard to find spots, like your back and scalp, or get a relative, partner or friend to check it for you.

There are three main forms of skin cancer- melanoma (including nodular melanoma), basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.

Melanoma

• Most deadly form of skin cancer.

• If left untreated can spread to other parts of the body.

• Appears as a new spot or an existing place that changes in colour, size or shape.

Can appear on skin not normally exposed to the sun.

Nodular melanoma

• appears different from common melanomas. Raised and even in colour.

• Many are red or pink and some are brown or black.

• They are firm to touch and dome-shaped.

• After a while they begin to bleed and crust

• Most common, least dangerous form of skin cancer.

• Red, pale or pearly in colour, appears as a bulge or dry, scaly area.

• May ulcerate or neglect to completely heal.

• Grows slowly, usually on regions that are frequently exposed to sunlight.

Squamous cell carcinoma

• A thickened, red scaly spot that may bleed easily, crust or ulcerate.

• Grows over a few months, usually on areas frequently exposed to the sun.

• More likely to happen in people over 50 years old.

ABCD melanoma detection guide

A is for Asymmetry – Look for spots that lack symmetry. In other words, if a line was drawn through the middle, the two sides would not match up.

B is for Border – A place with a dispersing or irregular edge (notched).

C is for Colour – Blotchy spots using numerous colours such as black, blue, red, white and/or grey.

D is for Diameter – Look for stains which are getting bigger.

These are a few changes to look out for when assessing your skin for signs of any cancer:

• New moles.

• A summary of a mole that becomes notched.

• An area that changes color from brown to black or is varied.

• A place that becomes raised or develops a lump within it.

• The surface of a mole getting rough, scaly or ulcerated.

• Moles that itch or tingle.

• Moles that bleed or weep.

• Spots that appears different from others.

Mole or skin cancer?

Almost all people have moles. Moles are not normally present at birth, but look in childhood and early adolescent years. By the age of 15, Australian children have an average of more than 50 moles.

See your physician if a mole looks different or if a new mole appears after the age of 25. The more moles a person have, the higher the risk of melanoma.

• Harmless colored spots that range from 1mm to 10mm.

• Uniform in shape and even coloured. May be raised.

• The more moles or freckles you have the higher your risk of skin cancer.

• May have uneven borders and multiple colours like black and brown.

• Observe moles carefully for any sign of change.

Even though you may notice one or more skin changes, it does not necessarily indicate that you have skin cancer however it is important that you see your GP to have them investigated further. Your GP can talk about your skin cancer risk and advise you on your requirement for medical checks or self-examination.

It can be difficult to know whether something in your skin is a harmless mole or normal sun damage, or a sign of cancer. When in doubt, talk to your GP.

What’s my skin type?

Skin types that are more sensitive to ultraviolet (UV) radiation burn more quickly and are at a greater risk of skin cancer.

All skin types can be ruined by too much UV radiation. Skin types which are more sensitive to UV radiation burn faster and are at a greater risk of skin cancer.

People with naturally very dark skin (usually skin type V or VI) still need to take care in the sun even though they may rarely, if ever, get sunburnt. The larger quantity of melanin in very dark skin offers natural protection from UV radiation. This means the possibility of skin cancer is lower.

High levels of UV radiation also have been linked to harmful effects on the immune system.

Individuals with very dark skin do not typically have to apply sunscreen (but this remains a personal decision) but they should wear hats or sunglasses to protect their eyes.

Vitamin D deficiency may be a greater health concern for individuals with naturally very dark skin, as it is more difficult for people with this skin type to generate vitamin D. People with naturally darker skin may need up to three to six times more sun exposure to aid with their vitamin D levels.

Type I

Tends to have freckles, red or fair hair, blue or green eyes.

Type II

usually burns, sometimes tans. Tends to have light hair, blue or brown eyes.

Type III

sometimes burns, usually tans. Tends to have brown eyes and hair.

Type IV

Rarely burns, often tans. Tends to have dark brown hair and eyes.

Type V

Dark brown skin. Rarely burns, tans profusely.

Type VI

Deeply pigmented, dark brown to black skin. Never burns.

Signs of a tornado

Tornado, Wind Shear, Ocean, Clouds

Although tornadoes tend to keep east of the Rocky Mountains, they also have happened in pretty much every state. To put it differently, you might be affected regardless of where you live. This means that tornadoes should be on everybody’s list as something to be ready for.

Animals Flying – Wildlife Control Service Orlando

I have never been around a real tornado, however, the film Twister definitely prepared me for flying bovine if I ever find myself .

And then, following the picture of the bunny flies off into the sunset, I ask myself,”What do I really know about tornadoes, and how do I know if one is coming?”

Terrific questions, Self.

As tornadoes tend to begin showing up more prevalently in the spring (and spring has only about sprung), allow me to share with you the way you can know if a tornado is on its way for a trip.

Needless to say, the simplest method is to get your TV or radio . Those have a tendency to come just about 13 minutes before the real tornado, and may actually arrive much faster. That being said, not every area is going to be given a broadcast warning, so understanding the signs of an impending tornado is quite important.

Although tornadoes can be enormous and catastrophic, they at least have the decency to give us some warning signals before they formally arrive.

Funnel Cloud

Alright, so this one is among the more obvious ones. Tornadoes have to form somewhere, so in case you find a funnel cloud start to form, this is a really good indication a tornado is on its way. When the weather gets tough, you may want to keep your eye on the skies, just in case.

A dark, occasionally green, sky

green sky

This is another reason it’s a good idea to see the heavens during storms. The sky is not always green, however, so don’t be fooled if the sky is simply very, very dim.

Occasionally the funnel of a tornado won’t be visible. Yet. By detecting a cloud of debris coming (particularly at ground level), that may be a great indication that something much more dangerous is on its way.

A loud roar (like a freight train)

This is particularly helpful when you do not live near a railroad. Tornadoes give off a constant rumble, similar to that of a train.

Don’t be surprised if you find a clear, calm skies in the tornado’s wake.

Debris falling from the skies

If debris begins falling from the sky like rain, odds are you will want to find cover.

Damage

Are you ready for a tornado’s devastation?

If you keep those six things in mind before and during storms, then you should not be caught off guard by a tornado.

Flying with kids

Airplane Flying Under White Clouds during Night Time

Every air traveller’s worst nightmare appears to be getting stuck next to a crying child for an 8 hour flight. When your kid’s parent, the nightmare could be worse. You don’t need to hold your breath and hope for the best. Here are a few tips for flying with children without alienating other passengers in the procedure.

Keep your expectations realistic – aviation can be difficult on kids (as well as adults). Do not expect perfect behavior, and do not freak out if your child act up. Stay calm so that you can deal with whatever issues come up.

Prepare children for what they will likely experience during the trip, ie audiences, delays, lines etc..

In hindsight now I would have chosen an overnight in Dubai to rest, shower and have a wonderful meal, before tackling the next 16 hour leg of the flight. Our excursion was 27 flying hours in total with a two hour lay over in Dubai, we arrived exhausted without a clue what day or time zone we were in. Based on the time of your kids decide which kind of trip is suitable for your family best.

Schedule naps. If possible select a flight that coincides with your child’s sleep schedule. If they could take a rest at their regular time, or get a great night’s sleep on a red eye, they’ll be more refreshed and better behaved upon arrival at your destination.

Meals – if you child is a fussy eater they might not like plane kids meals. Bring their favorite snacks and meals for one portion of the trip at least. Starving kids are agitated kids in tiny environments.

Visit the doctor before flight – check there aren’t any illness’s or ear infections. Also check what drugs you are able to bring if on international flights in the event of illness whilst away. You do not want to get stuck at customs as you’ve brought medication not permitted in that country.

If your child isn’t night time toilet trained attract nappies too. I fly with spare clothing, toothbrushes, hairbrushes etc so you can feel refreshed when flying.

Bring toys or compact teddies to occupy your kids when flying. Some airlines have consoles with TV and radio, but not all airlines, so pack a tiny lightweight item to amuse your children.

Last of all give your children movement breaks at least every hour, otherwise they’ll feel like caged animals. Kids are lively and like to play and don’t deal well with being confined for extended amounts of time.

Great luck parents I hope utilizing these suggestions will provide you a more enjoyable flight on the next journey.

 

What is lightning?

Grand Canyon Under Black Sky With Lightning during Daytime

As we enter mid-spring and the weather eventually starts to warm up a little, we expect to see a number of thunderstorms in Oregon. Inspiring awe in certain while scaring the trousers off others (although not ME, I am definitely not scared of lightning. No sir,) it’s not surprising that cultures all over the world associate lightning with deity. But what precisely is it?

During an electrical storm, the top section of the storm clouds has a positive charge and the lower part has a negative charge. It’s not quite clear how the clouds reach these charges in the first place, but one theory is that different kinds of liquid (vapor, ice and water droplets) collide as they rise and fall inside a cloud. In the crash, electrons are knocked from the moisture and they collect at the base of the cloud, producing the negative charge. It’s believed that rising moisture then carries a positive charge to the peak of the cloud. The charge separation within the cloud is what generates an electrical field, the strength of which can be linked to the quantity of charge buildup in the cloud.

When the electric charge within the cloud gets quite strong, the atmosphere becomes ionized (the positive ions and electrons are spaced further apart than before and the electrons can move more freely.) The powerful ionization causes the atmosphere to begin to break down, allowing for currents to flow in an effort to neutralize the charge. These currents are known as leaders, and they provide a route through the cloud for the lightning to follow. The first (or stepped) leader doesn’t move easily, but jumps in a jagged fashion. Many leaders form at precisely the exact same time, but the first one to make contact with the floor is the one which gets the lightning.

The entire process is somewhat more complex, but there you have the fundamentals of how lightning is formed. Lightning is much too strong for even the best of surge protectors to protect against, and it may reach temperatures of 54,000 °F.

Lightning is a complex phenomenon with many exceptions and variations.

For example, do you understand:

If you saw photos of the eruption of Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull that erupted in 2010, then you might have seen lightning over the plumes of smoke and thought that they definitely need to be photoshopped. Not so!

There’s still research being conducted to the definitive reason for lightning within the smoke plumes of volcanoes, but the overall consensus involves, of all things, dust. The concept is that dust/smoke/ash particles take little charges which become amplified during the chaos of rushing from a volcano. With every collision of a single particle with a different one, the charges become increasingly polarized until lightning is unavoidable since the polarization becomes too great for the atmosphere to withstand the flow of electricity. The lightning neutralizes the charge separation, basically relieving the strain of polarization.

There’s another lesser known sort of volcanic lightning, however, which happens right at the mouth of the volcano and is significantly less orderly (not the normal branching, bolting lightning we are used to seeing), manifesting as jagged sparks likely as the result of a hefty charge inside the volcano itself.

How Many Different Types of Lightning You will find?

The answer to this question depends on who you ask, and what you think about a”type” of lightning. The Common classifications are as follows:

Cloud-to-cloud (intercloud, which is lightning moving between different clouds, and intracloud, that’s lightning moving in the same cloud).

Cloud-to-sky (Also called sprites, cloud-to-sky lightning occurs in the upper atmosphere. They lack the hot temperatures of different kinds of lightning, and normally have a reddish-orange hue.)

Lightning can be occasionally further defined as:

Ribbon lightning (Successive strokes of lightning are displaced by wind, leading to a broadened appearance, almost like a double-exposed photograph ).

Bead lightning (The corrosion of the luminosity of the bolt of lightning, causing a beaded look. This occurs very quickly and is hard to capture.)

St. Elmo’s Fire this isn’t really lightning, but often closely associated with it and noticed during electrical storms. St. Elmo’s Fire (not to be confused with ball lightning as it frequently is) is caused by a gap in electric charge. It’s made from plasma (ionized atmosphere that emits a glow) and, while lightning is the movement of power from a charged point, St. Elmo’s Fire is a coronal discharge that sparks up at the area where there’s a drastic difference in charge between the atmosphere and an object such as the mast of a boat or the steeple of a church. St. Elmo’s Fire is exactly the identical thing that occurs in a fluorescent tube- basically a constant spark, glowing blue due to the particular mix of air molecules. It might also choose a purple color.

St. Elmo’s Fire is quite tricky to locate accurate videos or images of. Many videos exist which claim to be St. Elmo’s Fire but are actually just static discharge (a frequent phenomenon around planes in the middle of storms). A simple way to tell the difference is that St. Elmo’s Fire doesn’t look like lightning- rather it emits a continuous glow.

Ball lightning- The most mysterious sort of”lightning”, there’s some dispute among scientists as to whether ball lightning really exists.

If you’re in the water when a storm starts, get out of the water as quickly as possible.
Lightning strikes will follow anything that conducts electricity, so stay off your mobile telephone in a storm and flip off/unplug your computers. If lightning strikes your property, even the strongest of surge protectors will have trouble protecting your equipment. (Radio waves don’t conduct electricity, so as long as your mobile phone isn’t plugged into an outlet and you’re not standing outside during the storm using the metallic apparatus held to your face, it’s safe to use it. They don’t strangely”attract” lightning over any other item with metal inside ).
Lightning does actually strike twice (the Empire State building is struck 20-25 times per year), so don’t rely on old adages to your security details.
If you’re caught in a thunderstorm and can’t get inside to security, crouch low to the ground but don’t lay flat. Try to maintain as much of your body from touching the floor as you can, since you’re in more danger of being hurt by currents traveling across the floor after a lightning strike than of being spilled straight by a bolt. Ten seconds equals two miles, etc..
One has only to see an electric storm themselves to comprehend why so many individuals have connected lightning and thunder with deity. A few popular legends and myths about lightning:

The Thunderbird common to North American native cultures is thought to make thunder from the beating of its wings, and lightning is created by glowing snakes it conveys or directly from its eyes.
There’s a lot more to learn about lightning in all its various incarnations. It’s a stark reminder of the unbelievable strong forces of nature that surround us on all sides. Regardless of how much we learn about it on a scientific level, we might always be inclined to associate with this unbelievable force with deity.